Staff Reporter –
According to the latest Globocon 2018 study , it is estimated that in India 1 out of every 5 men and 1 out of 6 women are at risk of developing cancer in their lifetime. It is therefore very important to be aware about this killer disease. India is is the largest democracy in the world , accounting for 17% of world population, 2.9% of the world’s land area but sadly accounts for 27 % of the world’s Cancer Burden and this is a worrisome trend. Over 11.7 lakh new cases are diagnosed every year in India. There are four priority cancers namely breast cancer, cervical cancer, oral cancer, and lung cancer constituting almost 41% of the total cancer cases. 3 out 4 patients that are diagnosed are at an advanced stage. In India the most common cancers affecting men are Cancer of lung, oral cavity, pharynx, oesophagus and stomach, whereas women are affected by Cancer of cervix, breast, ovary, oral cavity and oesophagus. Tobacco is associated with 75% of all cancers.
What is Cancer? A disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. When does one suspect to have cancer? In order to suspect cancer we need high level of suspicion and knowledge regarding the signs of cancer. The keyword is “CAUTION”
C – change in the in bowel or bladder habits
A – A sore/ulcer that does not heal
U – Unusual bleeding and discharge
T – Thickening of breast or testicles
I- Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.
O-obvious change in the size, color, shape, or thickness of a wart, mole, or mouth sore.N-Nagging cough or hoarseness.